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1. ________ serves as a worldwide official standard of anatomical vocabulary.Gra

1. ________ serves as a worldwide official standard of anatomical vocabulary.Gray’s AnatomyAnatomia InteligenciaDe Materia MedicaHippocratic Corpus2. The molecule H2 is known assemi-water.helium.hydroxide.hydrohydrogen.hydrogen.3. Anatomy uses a special language, called ________ terminology, which involves the use of word roots, prefixes, suffixes, and combining forms to construct terms related to the body in health and disease.anatomicalmedicalpathologicalclinicalsurgical4. Artificial sweetenersare usually not broken down by the body.are always some form of carbohydrate.are inorganic sugar substitutes.are naturally similar to sugars.provide the same number of calories as an equivalent amount of sucrose.5. Homeostatic regulation usually involves a(n) ________ that detects a particular stimulus, and a(n) ________ that responds to the stimulus by communicating with a(n) ________ whose activity has an effect on the same stimulus.control center; receiver; effectorreceiver; communicator; effectorreceptor; control center; effectorcontrol center; effector; receptoreffector; receiver; communicator6. Magnesium atoms have two electrons in the outermost shell and chlorine atoms have seven. The compound magnesium chloride would contain2 magnesium and 1 chlorine.2 magnesium and 7 chlorine.1 magnesium and 1 chlorine.1 magnesium and 2 chlorine.impossible to tell without more information7. The term ________ refers to certain amino acids, which can have both a positive charge and a negative charge.double iontwinionanioncationzwitterion8. During ionization, water molecules disrupt the ionic bonds of a salt to produce a mixture of ions. These ions can carry a current and so are calledanions.acids.counterions.cations.electrolytes.9. If an animal cell lacked centrioles, it would not be able toform the mitotic spindle.move.metabolize sugars.synthesize proteins.produce DNA.10. The organelles and the watery component of the cell together is calledprotoplasm.interstitial fluid.cytosol.cytoplasm.extracellular fluid.11. The study of the liver is to gross anatomy as the study of a liver cell is toregional anatomy.cytology.physiology.radiographic anatomy.systemic anatomy.12. Disease is an indicator ofhomeostatic failure.negative feedback.positive feedback.All of the answers are correct.signs and symptoms.13. The mass number represents the number ofelectrons in an ion.neutrons in an atom.protons in an atom.neutrons electrons.protons neutrons.14. ________ occurs when the activities of organs are regulated locally. Automatic regulationAmplificationExtrinsic regulationSelf- regulationIntuitive regulation15. The common name for the pollex is theear lobe.hand.big toe.thumb.belly.16. The “atomic weight” of an atom reflects the average number ofelectrons.protons neutrons.protons neutrons electrons.neutrons.protons.17. The chin is ________ to the nose.superiorposteriorinferioranteriormedial18. The triplet codes needed to specify a specific polypeptide chain are found in thegene.polypeptide itself.cytoplasm.anticodon.codon.19. Magnesium atoms have two electrons in the outermost shell. As a result, you would expect magnesium to form ions with a charge of1.either 2 or -2.2.-2.-1.20. Which of the following descriptors regarding cytoplasm is false?the material that fills a cellextracellular fluid contains more proteinvariable consistencyincludes cytosolincludes cytoskeleton21. Which of the following descriptors regarding cytoplasm is false?the material that fills a cellextracellular fluid contains more proteinvariable consistencyincludes cytosolincludes cytoskeleton22. A dust particle floating on a water surface illustrateschemical tension.hydrophilic attraction.heat capacity.surface tension.static electricity.23. Anatomy uses a special language, called ________ terminology, which involves the use of word roots, prefixes, suffixes, and combining forms to construct terms related to the body in health and disease.medicalclinicalanatomicalpathologicalsurgical24. Which of the following statements about water is false?It contains hydrogen bonds.It can dissolve many substances.It has a relatively low heat capacity.It is responsible for much of the mass of the human body.It is composed of polar molecules.25. The components of ribosomes are formed withinthe endoplasmic reticulum.lysosomes.Golgi complexes.nucleoli.mitochondria.26. The study of the superficial and internal features in a specific area of the body is called ________ anatomy.surfaceregionalpathologicalsurgicalradiographic27. By weight, which element is the most plentiful in the human body?oxygenpotassiumcarbonsodiumsulfur28. Anatomical features that change during illness are studied in ________ anatomy.regionalsurfacemicroscopicpathologicalgross29. Tubulin is alipid that forms the ER.carbohydrate that assembles into microtubules.protein that assembles into microtubules.lipid that assembles into microtubules.protein that forms the tubular portion of the cytosol.30. Disease is an indicator ofnegative feedback.homeostatic failure.signs and symptoms.positive feedback.All of the answers are correct.31. Which of the following imaging techniques is used to monitor blood flow through specific organs, such as the brain, heart, lungs, and kidneys?CT scanPET scanMRIdigital subtraction angiographyultrasound32. The group of organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a near 1:2:1 ratio is defined as acarbohydrate.saturated fat.protein.nucleic acid.lipid.33. Which of the following statements about hydrogen bonds is false?Hydrogen bonds can occur within a single molecule.Hydrogen bonds are important for holding large molecules together.Hydrogen bonds are strong attractive forces between hydrogen atoms and negatively charged atoms.Hydrogen bonds can form between neighboring molecules.Hydrogen bonds are responsible for many of the properties of water.34. Which of the following statements about hydrogen bonds is false?Hydrogen bonds can occur within a single molecule.Hydrogen bonds are important for holding large molecules together.Hydrogen bonds are strong attractive forces between hydrogen atoms and negatively charged atoms.Hydrogen bonds can form between neighboring molecules.Hydrogen bonds are responsible for many of the properties of water.________ serves as a worldwide official standard of anatomical vocabulary.Anatomia InteligenciaTerminologia AnatomicaDe Materia MedicaHippocratic CorpusGray’s Anatomy35. The watery component of the cytoplasm is calledcytosol.protoplasm.interstitial fluid.extracellular fluid.a colloidal gel.36. Isotopes of an element differ in the number ofelectron clouds.neutrons in the nucleus.protons in the nucleus.electrons in energy shells.electrons in the nucleus.37. Membrane proteins perform which of the following functions?All of the answers are correct.receptorsenzymesrecognitionanchoring38. What would the complimentary (matching) mRNA and tRNA molecules be from a DNA molecule that has the following triplets?coding strand: ATG-CAAtemplate strand: TAC-GTT39. The molecule O2 is known asoxide.organic.oxate.a salt.oxygen.40. Compared to the extracellular fluid, cytosol containsalmost no lipids.a higher concentration of amino acids.almost no glycogen.a higher concentration of potassium ions.a lower concentration of dissolved proteins.41. The smallest stable units of matter areprotons.atoms.molecules.electrons.neutrons.42. Microfilamentscontrol the consistency of cytoplasm.anchor the cytoskeleton to membrane proteins.with myosin, produce cell movement.All of the answers are correct.consist of the protein called actin.43. The tendency for physiological systems to stabilize internal conditions is calledself-regulation.amplification.hemopoiesis.homeostasis.equilibriosis.44. The molecule CO2 is known ascarbonized oxygen.carbon monoxide.carbon dioxide.carbonated oxygen.carbon oxide.45. The common term for the buccal region is thecheeks.back.buttocks.waist.breast.46. A polysaccharide that is formed in liver and muscle cells to store glucose isglycogen.fructose.lactose.sucrose.cellulose.47. An example of an organic substance isoxygen.nitric oxide.sodium chloride.carbonic acid.sucrose.48. Substrate molecules bind to enzymes at the ________ sites.carboxylreactantneutralactiveamino49. Radioisotopes have unstablenuclei.electron clouds.isotopes.ions.protons.50. The analysis of the internal structure of individual cells is calledembryology.cytology.anatomy.histology.physiology.1. ________ serves as a worldwide official standard of anatomical vocabulary.Gray’s AnatomyAnatomia InteligenciaDe Materia MedicaHippocratic Corpus2. The molecule H2 is known assemi-water.helium.hydroxide.hydrohydrogen.hydrogen.3. Anatomy uses a special language, called ________ terminology, which involves the use of word roots, prefixes, suffixes, and combining forms to construct terms related to the body in health and disease.anatomicalmedicalpathologicalclinicalsurgical4. Artificial sweetenersare usually not broken down by the body.are always some form of carbohydrate.are inorganic sugar substitutes.are naturally similar to sugars.provide the same number of calories as an equivalent amount of sucrose.5. Homeostatic regulation usually involves a(n) ________ that detects a particular stimulus, and a(n) ________ that responds to the stimulus by communicating with a(n) ________ whose activity has an effect on the same stimulus.control center; receiver; effectorreceiver; communicator; effectorreceptor; control center; effectorcontrol center; effector; receptoreffector; receiver; communicator6. Magnesium atoms have two electrons in the outermost shell and chlorine atoms have seven. The compound magnesium chloride would contain2 magnesium and 1 chlorine.2 magnesium and 7 chlorine.1 magnesium and 1 chlorine.1 magnesium and 2 chlorine.impossible to tell without more information7. The term ________ refers to certain amino acids, which can have both a positive charge and a negative charge.double iontwinionanioncationzwitterion8. During ionization, water molecules disrupt the ionic bonds of a salt to produce a mixture of ions. These ions can carry a current and so are calledanions.acids.counterions.cations.electrolytes.9. If an animal cell lacked centrioles, it would not be able toform the mitotic spindle.move.metabolize sugars.synthesize proteins.produce DNA.10. The organelles and the watery component of the cell together is calledprotoplasm.interstitial fluid.cytosol.cytoplasm.extracellular fluid.11. The study of the liver is to gross anatomy as the study of a liver cell is toregional anatomy.cytology.physiology.radiographic anatomy.systemic anatomy.12. Disease is an indicator ofhomeostatic failure.negative feedback.positive feedback.All of the answers are correct.signs and symptoms.13. The mass number represents the number ofelectrons in an ion.neutrons in an atom.protons in an atom.neutrons electrons.protons neutrons.14. ________ occurs when the activities of organs are regulated locally. Automatic regulationAmplificationExtrinsic regulationSelf- regulationIntuitive regulation15. The common name for the pollex is theear lobe.hand.big toe.thumb.belly.16. The “atomic weight” of an atom reflects the average number ofelectrons.protons neutrons.protons neutrons electrons.neutrons.protons.17. The chin is ________ to the nose.superiorposteriorinferioranteriormedial18. The triplet codes needed to specify a specific polypeptide chain are found in thegene.polypeptide itself.cytoplasm.anticodon.codon.19. Magnesium atoms have two electrons in the outermost shell. As a result, you would expect magnesium to form ions with a charge of1.either 2 or -2.2.-2.-1.20. Which of the following descriptors regarding cytoplasm is false?the material that fills a cellextracellular fluid contains more proteinvariable consistencyincludes cytosolincludes cytoskeleton21. Which of the following descriptors regarding cytoplasm is false?the material that fills a cellextracellular fluid contains more proteinvariable consistencyincludes cytosolincludes cytoskeleton22. A dust particle floating on a water surface illustrateschemical tension.hydrophilic attraction.heat capacity.surface tension.static electricity.23. Anatomy uses a special language, called ________ terminology, which involves the use of word roots, prefixes, suffixes, and combining forms to construct terms related to the body in health and disease.medicalclinicalanatomicalpathologicalsurgical24. Which of the following statements about water is false?It contains hydrogen bonds.It can dissolve many substances.It has a relatively low heat capacity.It is responsible for much of the mass of the human body.It is composed of polar molecules.25. The components of ribosomes are formed withinthe endoplasmic reticulum.lysosomes.Golgi complexes.nucleoli.mitochondria.26. The study of the superficial and internal features in a specific area of the body is called ________ anatomy.surfaceregionalpathologicalsurgicalradiographic27. By weight, which element is the most plentiful in the human body?oxygenpotassiumcarbonsodiumsulfur28. Anatomical features that change during illness are studied in ________ anatomy.regionalsurfacemicroscopicpathologicalgross29. Tubulin is alipid that forms the ER.carbohydrate that assembles into microtubules.protein that assembles into microtubules.lipid that assembles into microtubules.protein that forms the tubular portion of the cytosol.30. Disease is an indicator ofnegative feedback.homeostatic failure.signs and symptoms.positive feedback.All of the answers are correct.31. Which of the following imaging techniques is used to monitor blood flow through specific organs, such as the brain, heart, lungs, and kidneys?CT scanPET scanMRIdigital subtraction angiographyultrasound32. The group of organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a near 1:2:1 ratio is defined as acarbohydrate.saturated fat.protein.nucleic acid.lipid.33. Which of the following statements about hydrogen bonds is false?Hydrogen bonds can occur within a single molecule.Hydrogen bonds are important for holding large molecules together.Hydrogen bonds are strong attractive forces between hydrogen atoms and negatively charged atoms.Hydrogen bonds can form between neighboring molecules.Hydrogen bonds are responsible for many of the properties of water.34. Which of the following statements about hydrogen bonds is false?Hydrogen bonds can occur within a single molecule.Hydrogen bonds are important for holding large molecules together.Hydrogen bonds are strong attractive forces between hydrogen atoms and negatively charged atoms.Hydrogen bonds can form between neighboring molecules.Hydrogen bonds are responsible for many of the properties of water.________ serves as a worldwide official standard of anatomical vocabulary.Anatomia InteligenciaTerminologia AnatomicaDe Materia MedicaHippocratic CorpusGray’s Anatomy35. The watery component of the cytoplasm is calledcytosol.protoplasm.interstitial fluid.extracellular fluid.a colloidal gel.36. Isotopes of an element differ in the number ofelectron clouds.neutrons in the nucleus.protons in the nucleus.electrons in energy shells.electrons in the nucleus.37. Membrane proteins perform which of the following functions?All of the answers are correct.receptorsenzymesrecognitionanchoring38. What would the complimentary (matching) mRNA and tRNA molecules be from a DNA molecule that has the following triplets?coding strand: ATG-CAAtemplate strand: TAC-GTT39. The molecule O2 is known asoxide.organic.oxate.a salt.oxygen.40. Compared to the extracellular fluid, cytosol containsalmost no lipids.a higher concentration of amino acids.almost no glycogen.a higher concentration of potassium ions.a lower concentration of dissolved proteins.41. The smallest stable units of matter areprotons.atoms.molecules.electrons.neutrons.42. Microfilamentscontrol the consistency of cytoplasm.anchor the cytoskeleton to membrane proteins.with myosin, produce cell movement.All of the answers are correct.consist of the protein called actin.43. The tendency for physiological systems to stabilize internal conditions is calledself-regulation.amplification.hemopoiesis.homeostasis.equilibriosis.44. The molecule CO2 is known ascarbonized oxygen.carbon monoxide.carbon dioxide.carbonated oxygen.carbon oxide.45. The common term for the buccal region is thecheeks.back.buttocks.waist.breast.46. A polysaccharide that is formed in liver and muscle cells to store glucose isglycogen.fructose.lactose.sucrose.cellulose.47. An example of an organic substance isoxygen.nitric oxide.sodium chloride.carbonic acid.sucrose.48. Substrate molecules bind to enzymes at the ________ sites.carboxylreactantneutralactiveamino49. Radioisotopes have unstablenuclei.electron clouds.isotopes.ions.protons.50. The analysis of the internal structure of individual cells is calledembryology.cytology.anatomy.histology.physiology.

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