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1. Regarding the organizational chart for living systems, organs are composedof

1. Regarding the organizational chart for living systems, organs are composedof ___________A. two or more types of organellesB. multiple macromoleculesC. two or more types of cellsD. two or more types of tissues2. Necessary life functions include the following except ___________A. maintaining boundariesB. digestionC. excretionD. all of these are necessary functions3. Water accounts for approximately _________percent of our body weightA. 10 B. 20 C. 50 D. 754. Normal body temperature is at _____ degrees CelsiusA. 35 B. 37 C. 40 D. 425. The balance or dynamic state of equilibrium in the body is referred to as_______A. autonomyB. homeostasisC. homogeneityD. heterogeneityClotting in a damaged vessel in the bloodstream is an example of ______________.A. negative feedbackB. positive feedbackC. effector mediated controlD. receptor mediated control7. The release of antidiuretic hormone or ADH by the pituitary is an example of _______________A. negative feedbackB. positive feedbackC. effector mediated controlD. receptor mediated control8. In the anatomical position, the palms are positioned ________________A. anteriorly with the thumb lateralB. anteriorly with the thumb medialC. posteriorly with the thumb lateralD. posteriorly with the thumb medial9. Closer to the torso or trunk is called __________, while farther away iscalled _______.A. distal, medialB. proximal, lateralC. distal, proximalD. proximal, distal10. The midline ___________ plane divides the body into anterior andposterior sectionsA. sagittalB. transverseC. frontalD. vertical11. Two symmetrical body sections are essentially produced when the body is divided by the midline _____________ plane.A. frontalB. sagittalC. transverseD. horizontal12, The dorsal body cavity contains the ________________A. brain and spinal cordB. thoracic visceraC. abdominal visceraD. vital organsMatch the anatomical term to the region as described using the following keyA. cervical B. buccal C. orbital D. occipital E. temporal13. The cheek region14. the eye socket15. the side of the head16. the neck17. the back of the head18. Another name for the anterior thoracic area is the ________________A. sternal regionB. clavicular regionC. pectoral regionD. diaphragmatic region19. The liver would be found in the __________ quadrant of the abdomenA. lower leftB. lower rightC. upper leftD. upper right20. The area between both lungs is referred to as the ______________A. the pericardiumB. the diaphragmC. the mediastinumD. the subclavicular region21. All atoms are composed of the following components:A. protons and electronsB. protons, neutrons and electronsC. neutrons and electronsD. B, with rare exceptions that do not have neutrons22. In general, the number of _________ is an important determinant inchemical bonding tendencies of atoms.A. unpaired electrons in the outermost orbitalB. orbitalsC. neutronsD. all of these are important to the above23. The definition of valence or valence number is ______________A. the number of electrons that must be lost or gained to empty of complete the outermostorbitalB. the degree of instability associated with an atomC. the number of orbitals that are filledD. the total number of electrons less the number of neutrons in an atomE. the total number of protons less the number of electrons24. Carbon and hydrogen tend to form _______________ bonds with each other.A. non polar hydrogenB. polar hydrogenC. polar covalentD. non polar covalent25. Oppositely charged atoms, that have either lost or gained electrons, often form ___________ bonds that act via magnetic forcesA. polar covalentB. non polar covalentC. hydrogenD. peptideE. ionic26. Hydrogen bonds are usually found when hydrogen is attached to _____________A. Oxygen or sulfurB. Nitrogen or phosphorusC. methyl or ethyl groupsD. A & CE. A, B & C27. The partial disassociation of water is often referred to as the __________A. instability of the moleculeB. pHC. surface tensionD. solvent characteristic28. ATP is considered a _________ and a ________________A. small molecule, nucleotideB. small molecule, polymerC. large molecule, nucleotideD. large molecule, polysaccharide29. Macromolecules are usually ___________ formed by the process of_____________A. polymers, hydrolysisB. polymers, protein synthesisC. monomers, hydrolysisD. polymers, dehydration synthesis30. The general structure of an amino acid can be best described by which ofthe following:A. An amino group and an acid group bonded to a carbon on either sideB. A plus a single hydrogen in a different positionC. B plus an R group of varying compositionD. Two molecules connected by a peptide bond31. There are ____________ essential amino acids, as per lectureA. 20B. 64C. 8D. 1232. The peptide bond forms between the ____________A. adjacent R groupsB. unpaired hydrogen electronsC. adjacent acid unitsD. adjacent amino groupsE. adjacent acid and amino groups33. The secondary structure of a protein or polypeptide can be either_________ or ________ and is related to _______________formation.A. globular, fibrous, hydrogen bondB. globular, fibrous, magnetic attraction and polar to non-polar forcesC. spiral, pleated, hydrogen bondD. spiral, pleated, magnetic attraction and polar to non-polar forcesE. complex or simple, as determined by whether it is prokaryotic or eukaryotic34. When a protein is denatured, the following occurs ____________A. the primary structure, the amino acid sequence is ultimately degradedB. the primary structure, the peptide bond is broken downC. only free floating amino acids remainD. only the primary structure remains plus several hydrogen bondsE. all structure except the primary, the amino acid sequence, is lost35. Common table is known as ____________, and it is composed of ____________________.A. Fructose, sucrose & glucoseB. Sucrose, glucose & fructoseC. Maltose, glucose onlyD. Maltose, glucose & fructoseE. None of these answer the question36. Glucose is an example of a _______________________A. hexoseB. pentoseC. riboseD. disaccharideE. A & D37. Lactose contains what monosaccharides?A. glucose onlyB. galactose onlyC. fructose onlyD. glucose and fructoseE. glucose and galactose38. Cellulose is an example of a _______________A. complex carbohydrate moleculeB. non-digestible polysaccharideC. alternating glucose and fructose subunitsD. A & BE. A, B & C39. A nucleotide contains all of the following components except ______________A. pentoseB. phosphateC. nitrogen and carbon containing baseD. hexoseE. covalent bonds40. Complimentary base pairs in DNA consist of _______________A. purines linked to pyrimidinesB. adenine to thymineC. guanine to cytosineD. B & CE. A, B & C41. RNA differs from DNA in that ____________________A. the sugar is ribose and not deoxyriboseB. the macromolecule is single strandedC. Uracil replaces thymineD. A & CE. A, B & C42. Triglycerides are composed of ____________________A. a 3 carbon alcoholB. 3 long chain fatty acidsC. phosphate groupsD. A & BE. A, B& C43. When a long chain fatty acid has the maximum number of hydrogens possible surrounding its carbon atoms, it is known as a ______________-.A. saturated fatty acidB. unsaturated fatty acidC. neutral fatty acidD. complex fatty acidE. lipopolysaccharide44. A phospholipd consists of _____________________________A. a triglyceride that has been additionally attached to a phosphate groupB. a triglyceride with a phosphate group replacing a fatty acidC. a triglyceride with both a phosphate group and a cholesterol molecule attachedD. a phosphate group attached to the acidic site of a long chain fatty acid45. The phospholipid bilayer is characterized by_______________A. hydrophobic groups attracting each other on the outer aspects of the bilayerB. hydrophilic groups attracting each other on the interior of the bilayerC. Hydrophobic groups on the interior of the phospholipidD. acid to base neutralizationE. A & BUse the following Key to Answer the next group of questions, an answer may be used once, twice or not at all.A. Nucleus B. Rough Endoplasmic ReticulumC. LysosomeD. MitochondriaE. Golgi Complex46. Both messenger and ribosomal RNA are made here47. This organelle functions both for digestion and defense, and it contains harsh enzymes48. Mitosis is visible here49. This structure is studded with nucleotides, which function to produce proteins and polypeptides.50. Energy production occurs here, as long as Oxygen is available51. Cellular products are encased in membranes here in preparation for their release.Use the following table to answer the next group of questions, an answer may be used once, twice or not at all.A. Simple DiffusionB. Facilitated DiffusionC. Active TransportD. OsmosisE. Phagocytosis52. The movement of water molecules thru a semipermeable membrane following a concentration gradient define this action.53. The process that expends energy to move particles against the concentration gradient54. An example of this action would be glucose entering a cell with the aide of insulin binding to a membrane bound protein55. Pinocytosis is a similar action to this involving the ingestion of liquids56. Both Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide gases, which are non-polar covalent, utilize this means to either enter or leave cellular structures.57. Exocytosis is an example of this activityChoose the best answer:58. The cytoplasmic membrane contains which of the following materialsA. PhospholipidsB. ProteinsC. CholesterolD. A & B onlyE. A, B and C59. Messenger RNA is able to leave the nucleus because ______________A. It is single stranded, not helicalB. Nuclear pores are presentC. Thymine has replaced uracilD. A & BE. A,B & C60. The ability of a cell to change shape to permit endocytosis is mostly due to __________A. The ability of actin filaments to deconstruct in some areas and reconstruct in other areas.B. Specialized protein receptors on the cytoplasmic membraneC. The 9 + 2 microtubule configurationD. All of these contribute to the processE. None of these contribute to the process61. What structure(s) in the cell have the 9+2 configuration A. FlagellaB. SpindlesC. Intermediate fibersD. A & BE. A, B & C62. Energy production occurs at the __________ utilizing the ______________A. mitochondria, glycolysisB. mitochondria, proton motive forceC. cytoplasmic membrane, glycolysisD. cytoplasmic membrane, proton motive forceE. mitochondria, G- protein receptors63. Ribosomes in human cells _________________________A. Have both a large and small subunit structureB. Are produced in the nucleusC. Are sometimes bound to cytoplasmic membraneD. A & BE. A, B & C64. The endomembrane system has all of the following properties except ____________________A. encasing cellular components and products in membrane to protect themB. provide a passageway for Messenger RNA after it exits the nucleusC. Includes lysomes and mitochondria in the system D. includes rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum in the systemE. All of these are properties of the endomembrane systeAnswer the following either A(true) or B(false)DNA is found in both the nucleus and in mitochondria65. Phagosomes bond with peroxisomes to perform cellular digestion66. The fluid mosaic model is used to represent the dynamic nature of the cytoplasmic membrane and its being studded with proteins67. Human cells are approximately the same size despite some organs being larger and some organs being smaller68. Human cells contain the same genetic material in each cell that has a nucleus69. In animal eukaryotic cells, the cell membrane stability is aided by__________.A. rigid structural proteinsB. ergosterolsC. cholesterolsD. cell walls external to the membranesE. C & D70. Endocytosis and pinocytosis are examples of eukaryotic cells __________A. performing ingestion of solids and liquidsB. secretion of proteinsC. producing energy and storing ATPD. All of these involve endo and pino cytosisE. None of these involve endo or pinocytosis71. The cytoskeleton of eukaryotic cells consist of ____________A. intermediate fibersB. microfilamentsC. microtubulesD. A, B & CE. Only A & B72. In the ________________, ribosomal RNA is formed in eukaryotic cellsA. nucleolusB. nucleoidC. nuclear membraneD. nuclear poreE. bound ribosomes73. Rough endoplasmic reticulum is identified by _____________A. its association with free ribosomesB. the attachment of bound ribosomes to the endomembrane systemC. its lack of ribosomesD. its proximity to the mitochondriaE. none of these is correct74. Important enzymes, including those for defense and to deal with freeradicals, are stored in the _______________A. lysosomesB. peroxisomesC. golgi apparatusD. A & BE. A, B & C75. The following statements are true about Messenger RNA except ________A. it is single not double strandedB. it contains uracilC. it leaves the nucleus unchangedD. it can exit the nucleus via the nuclear poresE. All of these are true76. Regarding the Golgi complex which of the following statements is true.A. It is not part of the endomembrane systemB. It contains free ribosomesC. It plays no role in preparing materials to leave the cellD. It forms immediately at the end of the endoplasmic reticulumE. These statements are all false.77. Mitochondria are noteworthy as they _______________A. are the site for ATP productionD. Both A & B are trueB. have inner and outer membranes E, A, B & C are trueC. are attached to the cytoplasmic membrane1. Regarding the organizational chart for living systems, organs are composedof ___________A. two or more types of organellesB. multiple macromoleculesC. two or more types of cellsD. two or more types of tissues2. Necessary life functions include the following except ___________A. maintaining boundariesB. digestionC. excretionD. all of these are necessary functions3. Water accounts for approximately _________percent of our body weightA. 10 B. 20 C. 50 D. 754. Normal body temperature is at _____ degrees CelsiusA. 35 B. 37 C. 40 D. 425. The balance or dynamic state of equilibrium in the body is referred to as_______A. autonomyB. homeostasisC. homogeneityD. heterogeneityClotting in a damaged vessel in the bloodstream is an example of ______________.A. negative feedbackB. positive feedbackC. effector mediated controlD. receptor mediated control7. The release of antidiuretic hormone or ADH by the pituitary is an example of _______________A. negative feedbackB. positive feedbackC. effector mediated controlD. receptor mediated control8. In the anatomical position, the palms are positioned ________________A. anteriorly with the thumb lateralB. anteriorly with the thumb medialC. posteriorly with the thumb lateralD. posteriorly with the thumb medial9. Closer to the torso or trunk is called __________, while farther away iscalled _______.A. distal, medialB. proximal, lateralC. distal, proximalD. proximal, distal10. The midline ___________ plane divides the body into anterior andposterior sectionsA. sagittalB. transverseC. frontalD. vertical11. Two symmetrical body sections are essentially produced when the body is divided by the midline _____________ plane.A. frontalB. sagittalC. transverseD. horizontal12, The dorsal body cavity contains the ________________A. brain and spinal cordB. thoracic visceraC. abdominal visceraD. vital organsMatch the anatomical term to the region as described using the following keyA. cervical B. buccal C. orbital D. occipital E. temporal13. The cheek region14. the eye socket15. the side of the head16. the neck17. the back of the head18. Another name for the anterior thoracic area is the ________________A. sternal regionB. clavicular regionC. pectoral regionD. diaphragmatic region19. The liver would be found in the __________ quadrant of the abdomenA. lower leftB. lower rightC. upper leftD. upper right20. The area between both lungs is referred to as the ______________A. the pericardiumB. the diaphragmC. the mediastinumD. the subclavicular region21. All atoms are composed of the following components:A. protons and electronsB. protons, neutrons and electronsC. neutrons and electronsD. B, with rare exceptions that do not have neutrons22. In general, the number of _________ is an important determinant inchemical bonding tendencies of atoms.A. unpaired electrons in the outermost orbitalB. orbitalsC. neutronsD. all of these are important to the above23. The definition of valence or valence number is ______________A. the number of electrons that must be lost or gained to empty of complete the outermostorbitalB. the degree of instability associated with an atomC. the number of orbitals that are filledD. the total number of electrons less the number of neutrons in an atomE. the total number of protons less the number of electrons24. Carbon and hydrogen tend to form _______________ bonds with each other.A. non polar hydrogenB. polar hydrogenC. polar covalentD. non polar covalent25. Oppositely charged atoms, that have either lost or gained electrons, often form ___________ bonds that act via magnetic forcesA. polar covalentB. non polar covalentC. hydrogenD. peptideE. ionic26. Hydrogen bonds are usually found when hydrogen is attached to _____________A. Oxygen or sulfurB. Nitrogen or phosphorusC. methyl or ethyl groupsD. A & CE. A, B & C27. The partial disassociation of water is often referred to as the __________A. instability of the moleculeB. pHC. surface tensionD. solvent characteristic28. ATP is considered a _________ and a ________________A. small molecule, nucleotideB. small molecule, polymerC. large molecule, nucleotideD. large molecule, polysaccharide29. Macromolecules are usually ___________ formed by the process of_____________A. polymers, hydrolysisB. polymers, protein synthesisC. monomers, hydrolysisD. polymers, dehydration synthesis30. The general structure of an amino acid can be best described by which ofthe following:A. An amino group and an acid group bonded to a carbon on either sideB. A plus a single hydrogen in a different positionC. B plus an R group of varying compositionD. Two molecules connected by a peptide bond31. There are ____________ essential amino acids, as per lectureA. 20B. 64C. 8D. 1232. The peptide bond forms between the ____________A. adjacent R groupsB. unpaired hydrogen electronsC. adjacent acid unitsD. adjacent amino groupsE. adjacent acid and amino groups33. The secondary structure of a protein or polypeptide can be either_________ or ________ and is related to _______________formation.A. globular, fibrous, hydrogen bondB. globular, fibrous, magnetic attraction and polar to non-polar forcesC. spiral, pleated, hydrogen bondD. spiral, pleated, magnetic attraction and polar to non-polar forcesE. complex or simple, as determined by whether it is prokaryotic or eukaryotic34. When a protein is denatured, the following occurs ____________A. the primary structure, the amino acid sequence is ultimately degradedB. the primary structure, the peptide bond is broken downC. only free floating amino acids remainD. only the primary structure remains plus several hydrogen bondsE. all structure except the primary, the amino acid sequence, is lost35. Common table is known as ____________, and it is composed of ____________________.A. Fructose, sucrose & glucoseB. Sucrose, glucose & fructoseC. Maltose, glucose onlyD. Maltose, glucose & fructoseE. None of these answer the question36. Glucose is an example of a _______________________A. hexoseB. pentoseC. riboseD. disaccharideE. A & D37. Lactose contains what monosaccharides?A. glucose onlyB. galactose onlyC. fructose onlyD. glucose and fructoseE. glucose and galactose38. Cellulose is an example of a _______________A. complex carbohydrate moleculeB. non-digestible polysaccharideC. alternating glucose and fructose subunitsD. A & BE. A, B & C39. A nucleotide contains all of the following components except ______________A. pentoseB. phosphateC. nitrogen and carbon containing baseD. hexoseE. covalent bonds40. Complimentary base pairs in DNA consist of _______________A. purines linked to pyrimidinesB. adenine to thymineC. guanine to cytosineD. B & CE. A, B & C41. RNA differs from DNA in that ____________________A. the sugar is ribose and not deoxyriboseB. the macromolecule is single strandedC. Uracil replaces thymineD. A & CE. A, B & C42. Triglycerides are composed of ____________________A. a 3 carbon alcoholB. 3 long chain fatty acidsC. phosphate groupsD. A & BE. A, B& C43. When a long chain fatty acid has the maximum number of hydrogens possible surrounding its carbon atoms, it is known as a ______________-.A. saturated fatty acidB. unsaturated fatty acidC. neutral fatty acidD. complex fatty acidE. lipopolysaccharide44. A phospholipd consists of _____________________________A. a triglyceride that has been additionally attached to a phosphate groupB. a triglyceride with a phosphate group replacing a fatty acidC. a triglyceride with both a phosphate group and a cholesterol molecule attachedD. a phosphate group attached to the acidic site of a long chain fatty acid45. The phospholipid bilayer is characterized by_______________A. hydrophobic groups attracting each other on the outer aspects of the bilayerB. hydrophilic groups attracting each other on the interior of the bilayerC. Hydrophobic groups on the interior of the phospholipidD. acid to base neutralizationE. A & BUse the following Key to Answer the next group of questions, an answer may be used once, twice or not at all.A. Nucleus B. Rough Endoplasmic ReticulumC. LysosomeD. MitochondriaE. Golgi Complex46. Both messenger and ribosomal RNA are made here47. This organelle functions both for digestion and defense, and it contains harsh enzymes48. Mitosis is visible here49. This structure is studded with nucleotides, which function to produce proteins and polypeptides.50. Energy production occurs here, as long as Oxygen is available51. Cellular products are encased in membranes here in preparation for their release.Use the following table to answer the next group of questions, an answer may be used once, twice or not at all.A. Simple DiffusionB. Facilitated DiffusionC. Active TransportD. OsmosisE. Phagocytosis52. The movement of water molecules thru a semipermeable membrane following a concentration gradient define this action.53. The process that expends energy to move particles against the concentration gradient54. An example of this action would be glucose entering a cell with the aide of insulin binding to a membrane bound protein55. Pinocytosis is a similar action to this involving the ingestion of liquids56. Both Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide gases, which are non-polar covalent, utilize this means to either enter or leave cellular structures.57. Exocytosis is an example of this activityChoose the best answer:58. The cytoplasmic membrane contains which of the following materialsA. PhospholipidsB. ProteinsC. CholesterolD. A & B onlyE. A, B and C59. Messenger RNA is able to leave the nucleus because ______________A. It is single stranded, not helicalB. Nuclear pores are presentC. Thymine has replaced uracilD. A & BE. A,B & C60. The ability of a cell to change shape to permit endocytosis is mostly due to __________A. The ability of actin filaments to deconstruct in some areas and reconstruct in other areas.B. Specialized protein receptors on the cytoplasmic membraneC. The 9 + 2 microtubule configurationD. All of these contribute to the processE. None of these contribute to the process61. What structure(s) in the cell have the 9+2 configuration A. FlagellaB. SpindlesC. Intermediate fibersD. A & BE. A, B & C62. Energy production occurs at the __________ utilizing the ______________A. mitochondria, glycolysisB. mitochondria, proton motive forceC. cytoplasmic membrane, glycolysisD. cytoplasmic membrane, proton motive forceE. mitochondria, G- protein receptors63. Ribosomes in human cells _________________________A. Have both a large and small subunit structureB. Are produced in the nucleusC. Are sometimes bound to cytoplasmic membrane64. The endomembrane system has all of the following properties except ____________________A. encasing cellular components and products in membrane to protect themB. provide a passageway for Messenger RNA after it exits the nucleusC. Includes lysomes and mitochondria in the system D. includes rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum in the systemE. All of these are properties of the endomembrane systeAnswer the following either A(true) or B(false)DNA is found in both the nucleus and in mitochondria65. Phagosomes bond with peroxisomes to perform cellular digestion66. The fluid mosaic model is used to represent the dynamic nature of the cytoplasmic membrane and its being studded with proteins67. Human cells are approximately the same size despite some organs being larger and some organs being smaller68. Human cells contain the same genetic material in each cell that has a nucleus69. In animal eukaryotic cells, the cell membrane stability is aided by__________.A. rigid structural proteinsB. ergosterolsC. cholesterolsD. cell walls external to the membranesE. C & D70. Endocytosis and pinocytosis are examples of eukaryotic cells __________A. performing ingestion of solids and liquidsB. secretion of proteinsC. producing energy and storing ATPD. All of these involve endo and pino cytosisE. None of these involve endo or pinocytosis71. The cytoskeleton of eukaryotic cells consist of ____________A. intermediate fibersB. microfilamentsC. microtubulesD. A, B & CE. Only A & B72. In the ________________, ribosomal RNA is formed in eukaryotic cellsA. nucleolusB. nucleoidC. nuclear membraneD. nuclear poreE. bound ribosomes73. Rough endoplasmic reticulum is identified by _____________A. its association with free ribosomesB. the attachment of bound ribosomes to the endomembrane systemC. its lack of ribosomesD. its proximity to the mitochondriaE. none of these is correct74. Important enzymes, including those for defense and to deal with freeradicals, are stored in the _______________A. lysosomesB. peroxisomesC. golgi apparatusD. A & BE. A, B & C75. The following statements are true about Messenger RNA except ________A. it is single not double strandedB. it contains uracilC. it leaves the nucleus unchangedD. it can exit the nucleus via the nuclear poresE. All of these are true76. Regarding the Golgi complex which of the following statements is true.A. It is not part of the endomembrane systemB. It contains free ribosomesC. It plays no role in preparing materials to leave the cellD. It forms immediately at the end of the endoplasmic reticulumE. These statements are all false.77. Mitochondria are noteworthy as they _______________A. are the site for ATP productionD. Both A & B are trueB. have inner and outer membranes E, A, B & C are trueC. are attached to the cytoplasmic membrane

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