biology assignment.In the study of scienceA)deductive reasoning may be used, but inductive reasoning ispreferredB)inductive reasoning may be used, but deductive reasoning ispreferredC)only inductive reasoning is usedD)either deductive reasoning, inductive reasoning, or both may beused2A successful scientific experiment will result only inA)rejection of one or more hypothesesB)proving a hypothesisC)accepting many hypothesesD)confirming predictions3The "scientific method" involves all of the following exceptA)imagination and insightB)an educated guessC)a rigid set of logical stepsD)a suspicion of what the truth might be4Homologous structures among animals provide evidence for evolution in that thesestructures areA)different in different animals, but are modifications of the samebasic structureB)similar in function, but of different basic structureC)all shown in the fossil recordD)all produced by the same gene5When it was shown that animals could reproduce geometrically but didn’t, Darwinconcluded thatA)the mathematics was faultyB)the study from which the conclusions were drawn was flawedC)they failed to reach their potential because of the selectiveaction of natureD)they actually reproduce arithmetically6Darwin spent 5 years sailing around the world on theA)H.M.S. SpeciesB)H.M.S. BeagleC)H.M.S. EvolutionD)H.M.S. Tortoise7Darwin explained his theory of evolution in a book called8A)B)C)D)On the Origin of SpeciesThe Principles of PopulationSurvival of the FittestAround the World in Eighty DaysWhich of the following is not part of the scientific process?A)making predictionsB)asking questionsC)using creative insightD)proving theories are true9The study of the way individual traits are transmitted from one generation to the nextis calledA)ecologyB)geneticsC)cell biologyD)homologyE)analogy10Which of the following did not help Darwin formulate his theory of evolution?A)fossil evidence that species had changed over timeB)closely related species on oceanic islandsC)belief that the earth was several thousand years oldD)evidence of artificial selection in domestic animalsE)all of the above did help Darwin11Structures that have the same evolutionary origin even though they may now havedifferent structures or functions are said to beA)endemicB)analogousC)homologousD)immutableE)geometric12Where did Darwin observe closely related species of finches and closely relatedspecies of tortorises?A)The Galapagos IslandsB)Patagonia, South AmericaC)the Cape Verde IslandD)AustraliaE)England13Who wrote an essay on population growth that helped Darwin formulate his theory ofevolution?A)Charles LyellB)EratosthenesC)Alfred Russel Wallace14D)E)Thomas MalthusKarl PopperUsing general principles to analyze specific cases is calledA)deductive reasoningB)inductive reasoningC)natural selectionD)artificial selection15Which of the following pairs are analogous structuresA)the front leg of a horse and a human armB)the front leg of a frog and a bat wingC)the wing of a bird and a bat wingD)the front flipper of a porpoise and a human armE)the wing of a bird and a butterfly wing16How old was Darwin when he began his voyage around the world?A)5B)22C)30D)59E)5917According to the fossil record, how many times has flight evolved among vertebrates?A)1B)2C)3D)4E)518Of the following biological levels of organization, which represents the smallest orlowest level?A)organsB)populationsC)cellsD)organismsE)tissues19According to Darwin’s theory of evolutionA)all individuals have an equal chance of surviving and reproducingB)species are immutableC)tortoises are the modern descendents of glyptodontsD)all of the aboveE)none of the above20You are conducting an experiment to test the hypothesis that dairy cows will givemore milk if they listen to classical music while being milked. Your 20 experimentalcows listen to classical music during milking; you collect all their milk and measurehow much there is. Your 20 control cows should have all experimental conditionsidentical to the experimental cows exceptA)they should listen to classical music at a louder volumeB)they should listen to classical music all the time, not just duringmilkingC)they should listen to a different type of music, like heavy metalD)they should not listen to any musicE)they should not be milked21Which of the following statements concerning scientific hypotheses is false?A)Their consequences can be tested by different investigators.B)They can be used to make predictions.C)They are not always correct.D)They are the same as theories.E)They are constructed based on observations.22Science is based on evidence rather than consensus.A)TrueB)False23Scientists seek facts, but sometimes the best they can do are theories.A)TrueB)False24Homologous structures in different species may serve different functions.A)TrueB)False25Prior to the 19th century, most biologists believed that organisms living at that timewere fixed entities that were divinely created.A)TrueB)False26Deductive reasoningA)B)C)D)E)27is always correctuses specific observations to draw more general conclusions.is rarely applied in scienceapplies general principles to predict or explain specific resultsdetermines principles from observationsWhich of the following is not a property of life?A)molding or adapting to one’s environment28B)C)D)E)regulating materials that enter or leave the systemresponding to stimulimaintaining a relatively constant internal conditionreproducing, passing hereditary material to the next generationEvolution and natural selection are the same thing.A)TrueB)False29All of the evidence gathered by Darwin to support his theory of evolution by naturalselectionA)was gathered based solely on observations made during his tripto the Galapagos IslandsB)was first presented in a book by Charles LyellC)was gathered from observations made by Darwin and frominformation presented by othersD)was presented in his book Essay on the Principle of PopulationE)included an explanation of how traits can be passed fromgeneration to generation
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