Written Assignment 2: Biology and Technology in the Real World(Position Paper) (100 points)Course OutcomesThis assignment is designed to help you achieve two of the four major course outcomes:use knowledge of biological principles to ask relevant questions about the naturalworldmake observations and discriminate between scientific and pseudoscientificexplanations1. Select one of the topics below.a) Genetically modified food. Your daughter comes home from school a little perplexed. Inher home economics class, her teacher informed her that you have probably been feedingher genetically modified foods. She did not quite understand what was meant by geneticallymodified food. In an attempt to help her understand, write a paper for her which includesthe following:The purpose of human-made genetic recombinations in food.Whether or not foods that contain genes resulting from artificial geneticrecombinations are really safe.A list of foods in your supermarket that result from genetic recombination.What types of regulations exist for these foods.A conclusion of your own opinion on genetically modified foods(For help, you might search the Food and Drug Administration website.)b) Stem cells. Your friend suffered a spinal cord injury after a bad car accident. The medicalteam has decided that your friend is a good candidate for a clinical trial using stem celltherapy. Your friend has not had a biology course since high school. So you decide to writeyour friend a paper sharing your knowledge of stem cells. Include in your letter:A description of the biology of stem cells and how these cells are unique from other cells.A contrast the different types of stem cells, including pros and cons of each.An explanation of how stems cells can be used to treat diseases and injury, with specialfocus on spinal cord injuries.A conclusion of your own opinion on using stems cells.The following website from NIH regarding stem cell research will be very helpful:http://stemcells.nih.gov/index.aspc) Fracking (hydraulic fracturing) and tar sands (oil sands). With society’s dependence onnonrenewable fossil fuels, the oil and gas industry is turning more to use of hydraulicfracturing and tar sands to extract natural gas and oil. A friend asks you. "What’s all thiscontroversy in the news about fracking and tar sands?" Showcasing your knowledge on thetopic, you write your friend a paper in which you:Briefly explain to your friend how hydraulic fracturing and oil sands are used toobtain fossil fuels.In more detail, describe the environmental problems involved in both of theseprocesses and why they are controversial. Issues that may be addressed include arenot limited to water, air and soil pollution, effects on human health, effects on otherspecies and natural ecosystemsGive your opinions on possible solutions to the problems, with your reasoning backedby the references that you studied.Thefollowingwebsitesfromhttp://www2.epa.gov/hydraulicfracturingEPAmaybehelpful:2. Find at least three articles related to one of the topics chosen fromabove.You can find assistance with searching for articles at the UMUC Library Subject Guides athttp://libguides.umuc.edu/science.3. For the topic you choose, your paper should contain the following:I.II.III.IV.V.Introduction (20 points)A. Purpose of the paper according to the topic you choseB. Background for the paper according to the topic you choseComplete responses to each question for your chosen topic (40 points)A. Provide adequate support and information to address your questionsB. Write in your own words – extensive quotes from references are discouragedReferences (20 Points)A. You must use at least 3 different references: DO NOT USE WIKIPEDIA AS AREFERENCEB. Use in-text references when quoting directly or paraphrasing a sourceC. Cite your references using APA- see the classroom for a document on properAPA formattingPaper Format (10 points)A. Title Page ( Name, Course name and number, Course Instructor, Title of Paper,Due date)B. 11-point Times New RomanC. 1-inch marginsD. 750-1000 words not including title page and reference pageGrammar (10 points)â spelling, capitalization, punctuation and sentencestructure will be considered in the grading of this paper4. Post your paper to your Assignment folder before the set deadline.
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